Review of extremum postulates

TitleReview of extremum postulates
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsE Veveakis, and K Regenauer-Lieb
JournalCurrent Opinion in Chemical Engineering
Volume7
Start Page40
Pagination40 - 46
Date Published01/2015
Abstract

© 2014 Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Variational principles applied to the time derivative of the second law of thermodynamics have led to significant progress of our understanding of dynamic systems. Prigogine proved that chemical species dynamically form an oscillatory pattern of minimum of entropy production, MinEP. The opposite MaxEP3 postulate forms the foundation of continuum mechanics. The topic of which extremum is valid under what conditions is still subject of a heated debate. We posit here that the two principles emerge from a different spatial/temporal homogenisation technique. MaxEP derives from a macroscopic, continuum view of a non-equilibrium stationary state and MinEP from a microscopic discrete view of stability of a dissipative system. When both limits coincide the system can be represented by an upscaled state with reduced degrees of freedom.

DOI10.1016/j.coche.2014.10.006
Short TitleCurrent Opinion in Chemical Engineering